Mary Queen of Scots: “a perpetual incumbrance” for Elizabeth I of England

I received several questions about Mary Stuart’s relationship with Elizabeth Tudor, and this article is aiming to respond to each of them and cover the hot topic of why Mary wasn’t Elizabeth’s heir. Elizabeth I’s strained relationship dominated English and Scottish politics for many years, and one might easily question...

Mary Queen of Scots: “In my end is my beginning”

On the 8th of February 1587, Mary Queen of Scots, the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland and Marie de Guise, was executed after nineteen years of imprisonment in England. She was beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle for her complicity in a secret plot to assassinate Queen...